UV Light and Tanning: Is the Sun Making Your Skin Age Faster

Getting older is an inevitable part of life but looking visibly older doesn’t have to be. Ageing skin is generally due to external environmental factors, particularly exposure to the sun and harmful UV light. These  factors not only accelerate, but change the process of ageing for the skin, damaging and make it vulnerable to blemishes and skin diseases.

uv light

UV Light

Skin damage caused by the sun and UV light is generally located in the most sun-exposed parts of the body. In women, it is especially common on the face, hands and decolletage, while for men, on the back.

Photo-ageing is a particular state of skin ageing caused by chronic damage from UV rays and sun exposure. The latter, in the long run, causes long-term damage to the DNA of skin cells, as well as contributing to biological ageing.

The harmful habit of tanning whether on a sunbed or by the beach, repeated over time, will damage collagen in the skin and ultimately speed up the ageing process, resulting in:

  • deep wrinkles
  • loss of elasticity
  • dry and rough skin
  • the presence of dilated capillaries on the cheeks, nose and ears
  • dark spots
  • flaking
  • actinic keratosis
  • skin cancer

The most common signs of sun damage include solar lentigo, wrinkles and loss of elasticity, hemangiomas and seborrheic keratoses (brown, black or light tan growth on the face, chest, shoulders or back).

ZO Skin Health and Medical offer solutions to prevent and treat the visible signs of UV light sun damage:

 Brightamax  Brightenex  C-Bright  Restoracalm

ZO Medical Brightamax

ZO Medical Brightenex1 Image



 Oclipse-C  Oclipse Sun Spray 50  Oclipse
Sunscreen + Primer
 Oclipse Smart Tone
ZO Medical Oclipse-C ZO Oclipse Sun Spray ZO Oclipse Sunscreen Primer spf30 ZO Oclipse Smart Tone




The Difference Between Cosmetics and Cosmeceuticals

How many times have you looked for reviews online in the hope of finding a cream that really keeps its promises? One of the most common questions, when we try to choose from the hundreds of shiny, little jars is “will it work?”

So, rather than wasting your money over and over again through a trial and error process, we think it would be better to understand the difference between products, before buying them. This way you can ensure you go in with a full knowledge of what different products can do for your skin.cosmeceuticals

Cosmetics vs. Cosmeceuticals

A cosmetic product can only be applied to the outer surface of the skin and so it cannot directly treat a specific disease. It cannot pass through the dermal-epidermal joining, which is the area between the epidermis and dermis. However, it can maintain, protect, clean, add fragrance to, and change the appearance of any area of the epidermis’ surface that it is applied to.

In contrast, cosmeceuticals are able to penetrate the epidermis. The active principles are able to pass through the epidermis and act deep within the dermis. Although, due to its composition, a cosmeceutical product is not classifiable as a drug, despite being formulated with highly active principles.

A product classified as a drug is any substance or combination of substances that has the ability to cure or prevent a specific disease. Its main purpose is to restore, correct or modify the physiological functions through pharmacological action.

Where Can You Find Them

Another difference between cosmetics and cosmeceuticals is where you can purchase them. If a product contains ingredients that can penetrate or change the functioning of the skin, it cannot be sold over the counter. These kinds of products require a medical prescription. When a product must be prescribed by a doctor it is classified as a therapeutic product.

Although cosmeceuticals contain ingredients that can penetrate the skin, they are not classified as therapeutic products. This is because they only have a mild effect on the skin in comparison to the stronger medical products.

Why Not Try ZO

ZO Skin Health products offer a wide range of cosmeceutical solutions. Their purpose is to maintain the results of therapeutic treatments and support daily skin health and protection from the environment.

ZO Medical includes therapeutic solutions that can treat a wide range of skin disorders and chronic conditions. These products can only be provided by skin health professionals.

Secret anti aging solutions

Over the years, your skin starts to change at both its cellular and structural level. Resulting in a gradual and slow change of its appearance. External conditions affect the skin more than any other organs. Sun exposure, pollution, temperature fluctuations, stress and hormonal changes are just a few of the factors that can impact the skin. The initial modification happens at the dermis level, with a gradual degeneration elastin and collagen production. This then causing visible changes on the surface such as dryness, dehydration, wrinkles and sagging skin. So what is the solution to dealing with ageing skin?


Slowing Down Ageing Skin

In order to slow down the signs of ageing, it is necessary to lead a healthy and balanced life. This means everything from no smoking to engaging in regular exercise. Alongside a healthy lifestyle, the use of anti-ageing skincare plays an important role in protecting the skin from aggressive external factors. Having a solid daily skincare routine is crucial. Learn what products you should be using for your skin type on a daily basis here.   

Anti-Ageing Power Product ageing skin

ZO Skin Health and Medical offer a range of products that keep the skin healthy, preventing premature ageing and avoiding future skin damage. However, one of our favourite products for battling ageing skin has to be the Ossential® Advanced Radical Night Repair. When it comes to anti-ageing, Dr Obagi doesn’t mess around and this product proves it.

Retinol is the most effective topical ingredient for ageing skin but for it to be truly effective, it has to reach a concentration in the skin of at least 0.6-0.7%. Typical over-the-counter retinol products only contain about 0.15% which is not enough to make a difference to the skin. Which is why Dr Obagi was formulated a truly effective over-the-counter anti-ageing product.

Ossential® Advanced Radical Night Repair has a 1% concentration of retinol. This can effectively activate and stimulate your skin cells. It repairs and rebuilds collagen, brightens the skin, minimises redness and defends against future damage, to name a few benefits. If you pick one product for ageing skin, let it be this one.

Ossential Daily Power Defense – INFOGRAPHIC

Ossential® Daily Power Defense is a lightweight lotion designed to protect and correct. Speeds up DNA repair, provides anti-ageing benefits and antioxidant protection.

For all skin types and ages.


How to get rid of hyperpigmentation on the skin

Hyperpigmentation is a change in skin colour, usually of the face, but often also of the hands and other parts of the body most exposed to solar radiation. It is a common problem, regardless of skin colour or ethnic origin.

Hyperpigmentation can spread to the entire surface of the skin, either affecting different areas or restricted to individual parts.

Human skin contains cells that produce melanin (melanocytes), a pigment that gives colour to the skin and helps protect the body from the sun’s ultraviolet rays. An overproduction of melanin leads to hyperpigmentation of the skin.

Types of hyperpigmentation

Hyperpigmentation includes many different forms.

Freckles are small circular dark spots, focused on the face, shoulders, neck, torso and hands, more commonly found on people with fair skin and red or blond hair. They are present all year round on the face of these subjects but became more evident in the summer with exposure to sunlight.

Another form of freckle is solar lentigos, also known as liver spots, that are formed due to overexposure to radiation of the sun; it is more commonly called “sunspots skin”.

The senile lentigo is formed by the accumulation of damage caused by sun exposure.

Another form of hyperpigmentation, rather severe, is melasma, caused by an intense and uneven accumulation of melanin. If the freckles are just small spots, melasma is a spot much more extensive and unsightly.

Finally there is the post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation that is formed in the presence of scars, burns, eczema and acne.

ZO Skin Health and Medical products and protocols are optimised to treat a wide range of skin disorders and chronic conditions including all forms of hyperpigmentation.

Causes, and how to get rid of hyperpigmentation

HEV light

Retinol: A short introduction to the best anti-ageing ingredients. Infographic

Vitamin A is a fat-soluble vitamin found in nature in the form of retinol, in its equivalent retinoid (animal origin) form or as pro-vitamins (plant origin) called carotenoids. The latter are transformed into vitamin A in the liver.

Vitamin A is essential not only for the mechanism of vision but also for cell differentiation. For this reason it is necessary for the growth, the reproduction and the integrity of the immune system.

Retinol is obtained naturally from our diet. Foods rich in vitamin A include animal liver and cod liver oil, eggs and dairy products; large amounts of carotenoids are found in yellow-orange fruits and vegetables (tomato, carrot, pepper, pumpkin, apricot) and in some green leafy vegetables (lettuce, asparagus, broccoli).

Topical vitamin A treatments in the form of retinol are highly effective for promoting cellular turnover and epidermal renewal to even skin tone and diminish the signs of both intrinsic and extrinsic skin ageing.

Vitamin A is recognised as one of the best active ingredients to fight all signs of ageing, but also those caused by photo ageing due to UV exposure. It effectively neutralises the molecule, which gives rise to the formation of free radicals, the main trigger for skin ageing. Most importantly, it encourages cell turnover and facilitates the removal of dead cells, leaving space for the underlying, younger skin. This also helps to prevent the accumulation of melanin: the dark spots are kept under control whilst the existing ones are lightened.

As retinol is also photosensitising, it is recommended that a broad-spectrum sun protection is used as part of any skincare regime.

For retinol to be topically effective, it must reach a concentration of at least 0.6% in the skin.
ZO Skin Health and Medical use a 1.0% concentration of retinol.

Retinol Infographic

How to protect your skin from sun damage. INFOGRAPHIC

In our society, tanned skin is often synonymous with healthy, young and beautiful skin. Unfortunately,  repeated exposure to the sun leaves indelible marks, even on the most perfect of skin.

Regardless of whether you skin has burnt, reddened or tanned from the sun, they are all symptoms of your immune systems response to ultraviolet radiation, which is a consequence of RNA damage to skin cells.

Ultraviolet rays are divided into three categories, according to their wavelength: UVA, UVB and UVC.  UVC rays are not a problem, thanks to the atmosphere that filters them. However, UVA rays can still penetrate the dermis, while UVB rays reach the surface layer of the skin and discharge all their energy (higher than UVA) into epidermal cells and especially DNA. The sunburn you experience is caused by UVB rays. Nevertheless, though UVA rays do not cause sunburn, in the long run, they can lead to a degeneration of elastic fibres and collagen in the dermis, which results in a loss of elasticity in the skin.

The target of solar radiation is cellular DNA and can cause a considerable amount of damage to the double helix. In response, your body begins the production of free radicals, releasing destructive enzymes called hydrolases. This phenomenon is called photo-ageing, the biological process by which the sun’s rays causes premature ageing at the deepest point of the skin.

It is important to protect your skin from UVA and UVB rays with a good sunscreen. If the skin is sensitive it will require a cream with a sun protection factor (SPF) of at least 30.

ZO Skin Health and Medical offer effective daily solutions to minimise UV damage, prevent DNA damage and protect the skin from environmental aggressors to improve overall skin health.

Info Sun Damage

Rosacea: What causes it? (Infographic)

Acne rosacea, or simply rosacea, is a chronic inflammatory disease of the skin (dermatitis) that mainly affects the central part of the face (cheeks, nose and forehead).

The skin of the face manifests red papules, pustules and telangiectasia and, often, there is a thickening (hypertrophy) of the tissues, which sometimes becomes particularly evident in the nose, giving it a swollen and bulbous appearance (rhinophyma). In addition to skin problems, rosacea can cause, although rarely, ocular manifestations (eg. Blepharoconjunctivitis) and keratitis.

Even though it can look similar to acne, the rosacea condition differs primarily with the age of onset and the absence of comedones.

This dermatosis occurs mainly in middle-aged people and those with pale skin and light hair. Women are affected more than men and sometimes several members of the same family are affected.

It is important to mention that rosacea is not a contagious disease, nor is its onset connected with poor hygiene.

Since this is a progressive inflammatory dermatoses, the treatment should be started as early as possible. If the problem is underestimated or untreated, the disease progresses and can disfigure the face.

ZO Skin Health and Medical products are formulated for treating the symptoms of rosacea skin condition, such as flushing, redness, prominent blood vessels, papules and pustules associated with acne.

Rosacea Infographic

What is acne? (INFOGRAPHIC)

Acne vulgaris (acne) is an inflammatory dermatosis of the skin that affects the hair follicle and its attached sebaceous gland and is characterized by the presence of pimples on the face (99%), the back (60%) and the chest (15%). The symptoms of acne include: seborrhea, comedones, pustules, papules, nodules and cysts.

Teenagers are particularly prone to acne (with a peak around 17 years of age) as well as young Caucasian adults, while it results less common in African people and even less in Asiatic people.
Acne vulgaris is different from rosacea acne and erythematosa acne. In acne, the clinical element is the blackhead that, inflamed, leads the appearance of papules and pustules, commonly called pimples.
In rosacea acne the characteristic condition is the dilatation of blood vessels on facial skin (telangiectasia), linked to skin conditions (acne vulgaris, seborrhea) and/or can affect eyes (blepharitis, keratitis).

Unlike acne vulgaris that appears mainly in teenagers and young adults between 12 and 30 years, rosacea acne occurs in adults between 30 and 50 years old, especially in women.
In severe forms of acne, the skin damage can be permanent and leads to hyperpigmentation and presence of scars.

ZO Skin Health and Medical offers a wide range of products designed to remove oil, normalize pore size, help smooth skin’s surface, and reduce inflammation and irritation.
ZO Medical products are exclusively available through a physician.

INFOGRAPHIC Acne Skin Condition

INFOGRAPHIC Acne Skin Condition