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How Often Should You Apply Sunscreen?

We all know by now that SPF is an essential for any summer holiday. It protects your skin from UV rays, health risks as well as premature skin ageing. But how often do you need to apply sunscreen, to ensure that it is at its utmost effective?

apply sunscreen

Before Sun Exposure

A common mistake many make is waiting till they are lying out on their sunbed before they begin to apply sunscreen. Yet, in fact, you need to apply sunscreen about 20-30 minutes before you expose your skin to the sun. This will ensure that the ingredients in the SPF can really begin to work the moment you step outside.

During Sun Exposure

SPF should be reapplied every 2 hours. If you go swimming, play a sport or simply sweat from the summer heat, sunscreen should be immediately reapplied.

When it isn’t Sunny

Even when it is cold or cloudy, you must still wear SPF. It is a misconception that UV rays are non-existent or cannot penetrate the skin when it isn’t hot or sunny. You must always apply sunscreen because up to 40 percent of the sun’s ultraviolet radiation reaches the earth on a completely cloudy day.

Why not try…

Oclipse Sunscreen + Primer SPF30 for the sun protection that also doubles up as a makeup primer!

Click HERE for more sun protection products!


Source: 
Skincancer.org

Fact vs Fiction: Cellulite

Cellulite may be a very common skin condition, but there’s also a lot of misinformation about it. Learn the true cellulite facts about what it is, what causes it, and how to get rid of it below.

cellulite facts vs fiction

Cellulite Facts vs Fiction

  • Cellulite is fat: Fiction 

It’s not actually fat but rather the dimples and bumps that are seen when fat is divided into tiny pockets in the skin.

  • Cellulite is more common in women: Fact

Unfortunately, this one is true. Women’s skin is designed in a way that allows for dimpling and bumps to occur whereas men’s fat compartments are much small and thus spreading isn’t as common.

  • If you’re thin, you can’t get cellulite: Fiction 

No matter what weight you are, you can still be a victim of cellulite. Whilst body fat and exercise can definitely have an affect on cellulite, this condition can also be hereditary, caused by hormonal imbalance or even inflammation in the skin.

  • Only cardio works on cellulite: Fiction 

Cardio can help keep weight off, which may reduce the appearance of cellulite but to really smooth out the skin, strength training is ideal. Building muscle and toning your body helps to truly treat cellulite.

  • Cellulite worsens with age: Fact 

As you age, your body produces less oestrogen, meaning circulation in the body does not flow as easily. In addition collagen production slows down as well as the breakdown of older connective tissue. All these factors play a part in increasing the chances and appearance of cellulite.

  • There’s nothing you can do to get rid of cellulite: Fiction 

Exercise, exfoliation and stimulating the skin all can make a difference in smoothing out your skin. What’s more ZO’s Cellulite Control Creme is a groundbreaking new treatment that delivers an instant firming effect to visibly improve the texture and appearance of cellulite.

Find out more about this product and how to treat cellulite.

Can the Sun Cure Acne? Debunking The Myth

Can the Sun Cure Acne? Debunking The Myth

We have always been told that the sun clears up spots and can help cure acne, but is this actually true?  Unfortunately, the answer is no. This is a complete myth and a very dangerous one, at that.

Can the Sun Cure Acne?

Acne Is A Genetic Skin Condition

The idea that natural sunlight can help fix all your skin woes while simultaneously giving you a gorgeous glow may sound attractive. However, the reality is that acne is just a genetic skin disorder. Sun exposure cannot miraculously clear up the skin and cure acne. The main factors that cause acne are; the overactive sebaceous glands and sebum, too many cells being formed, blocked follicles, bacteria, and inflammation.

A Pseudo-Acne Cure

Sun damage suppresses your immune system and consequently the immune cells in acne, from which redness is formed. When acne diminishes rapidly after sun exposure, this is actually your immune system shutting down. Thus, it appears as though inflammation has been reduced. In the short-term, this may be appealing, but in the long-term, it could be hazardous to your health. If your immune system can no longer function properly this leaves your body unable to fight off other health risks such as cancer cells. This is arguably not all that surprising as UV rays are known to be a primary cause of skin cancer.

In addition, the sun triggers the skin to produce melanin, making it look darker, which can diminish the appearance of acne. The skin redness induced by acne is disguised, leading some to believe that their acne has been cured.

Moreover, the sun dehydrates the skin. While your skin may temporarily feel less oily, this does not mean your acne has been cured. Your body will quickly kick into defense-mode and create excess oil to combat the dry skin, leaving your skin worse off than before.

Don’t Skip The Sunscreen

Many opt for skipping SPF because they believe that sunscreen is greasy and pore-clogging while the sun itself is much better for acne-prone skin. However, this is far from the truth. With new skincare technology, there are many sunscreens which are compatible with acne skin and do not worsen the condition.

Discover the differences in physical and chemical sunscreen and which one is best for you.

As a general rule, dermatologists do not recommend sunbathing as a legitimate way to cure acne. The sun and UV rays are very damaging to the skin and the risks are too great to even consider it a benefit to your appearance and health.

Find all ZO Skin Health Acne products HERE.

Chemical Peels vs. Face Scrubs

An effective exfoliator is essential for any good skin care routine but what’s the difference between using a face scrub or getting a chemical peel? And which one is right for you? To help you come to a decision, it’s good to understand all the ins-and-outs of these two types of exfoliators.

Do chemical peel results outweigh those of a facial scrub? Or maybe, a scrub is more time-friendly for you. Find out below. 

What is a Chemical Peel?

peel is a chemical exfoliator that usually has a watery, gel-like consistency. They are designed to remove the top layer of skin to reveal a fresh, healthy layer beneath it. There are at-home peels and in-office peels. At-home chemical peels, such as the ZO Medical Invisapeel™ are more moderate in their treatment intensity and can be applied by yourself.

Increasingly aggressive chemical peels are used to treat more stubborn skin problems like melasma or severe acne. These must be carried out by a skin health professional.

Discover the different chemical peels ZO® offers here.

What is a Face Scrub?

A facial scrub is a manual exfoliation that is usually a liquid-type product with a gritty texture. When applied and massage into the skin helps to slough away dead skin cells, to reveal smoother skin. Scrubs are easier to attain as you can find them in most beauty aisles in high-street stores. But you should avoid those that contain naturally derived grains as their exfoliating ingredient such apricot kernels, or natural seeds as they can cause skin irritation, especially for sensitive, rosacea and acne skin. An exfoliator such as the Offects® Exfoliating Polish contains round magnesium crystals to exfoliate dead skin cells without aggravating the skin.

Which is Better On the Whole?

This is actually kind of a trick question. As we’d actually say both. Dr Obagi believes that a scrub should be part of your daily skincare routine. It is actually a necessary step in his GSR™: Get Skin Ready protocol and recommended to use for prepping the skin prior to a peel. A face scrub can ensure your chemical peel better penetrates the skin for optimal results. 

Although getting a chemical peel is dependent on your skin type. If you have very sensitive and intolerant skin, for example, a peel may be too unbearable for you. You should work with your skin health professional to build up your skin’s tolerance before starting on chemical peels. A chemical peel is more powerful and penetrates much deeper within the skin than scrubs do. They are fantastic for those with skin problems such as severe acne, uneven textured skin tone, hyperpigmentation and ageing skin.

 

Find your nearest ZO® Skin Health professional here. 

 

The Dangers of Sun Exposure

So you’ve got a holiday coming up and you can’t wait to get a healthy tan. We hate to be the bearer of bad news, but you might want to re-think getting that sun-kissed skin. Find out everything you need to know about the dangers of sun exposure and the skin problems that can arise because of it. dangers of sun exposure

What makes sun exposure so problematic?

Sun exposure induces chronic inflammation. This type of inflammation is a destructive process that leads to abnormal cellular function and weakens skin’s immunity, specifically the immunity that helps skin repair itself. Very simple, sun exposure weakens your skin’s ability to repair damaged DNA and with repeated exposure, more damaged DNA-mutated cells appear. These are initially pre-cancerous cells that will eventually mutate into skin cancer. So, in the short term, you may think that holiday glow makes you look healthy, but in the long-run, it’s actually extremely dangerous for your skin.

Sun exposure also disturbs many cellular functions and normal skin texture, resulting in:

  • Discoloration.
  • Dryness and roughness.
  • Sensitivity and redness.
  • Damaged skin collagen and elastin, which will lead to a leathery skin texture and accelerated skin ageing (earlier and deeper wrinkles and folds), later in life.

Sun Exposure Before Age 20

Think you’re safe from sun damage before the age 20? Think again.

The skin is rich with vitality due to proper and active cellular function and repair, but this doesn’t mean your skin is damage-proof. The earliest sun-damaging effect seen in this age group is the appearance of freckles in light-skinned individuals. This freckling is an indicator of early photosensitivity and susceptibility to severe sun damage later in life. This can affect skin texture and lead to a high possibility of skin cancer. So, unfortunately, you may think your freckles look ‘cute’, but they’re actually an indicator of sun damage.

Those who tan well may have less chance of skin cancer in the future as tanning represents the presence of strong natural resistance (due to stable, real melanin, also known as eumelanin). However, they will suffer from severe textural damage, resulting in skin with a leathery feel and solar elastosis. So, no one escapes sun damage if the skin is not protected at an early age. Even in individuals who tan well, as tanned skin is essentially the skin screaming “help.”

Sun Exposure After Age 20

After age 20, sun damage is manifested by skin dullness, discoloration and roughness. In your 30s and 40s, it is characterised by the appearance of actinic keratosis and lentigines. During your 50s, full-blown textural damage and precancerous lesions are evident, as is the appearance of skin cancer in some.

Those with fair skin will experience more damage than darker skin. Similarly, for those with thin skin, you will find that you show earlier sun damage signs compared to thick skin.

What’s more, if you suffer from other skin problems such as acne or rosacea, these skin diseases can increase susceptibility to sun damage. Equally, certain diseases and genetic disorders (i.e. lupus, xeroderma pigmentosum) can increase photosensitivity, accelerate the appearance of sun damage and result in skin cancer.

Keep note that sun-damaging effects are stronger near water, snow or at high altitudes.

Discover the ZO® Sun Protection Principles designed to protect you from sun exposure.

Product Spotlight: SPF

Photoageing is one of the biggest causes of premature ageing leading to an increase in fine lines, wrinkles, loss of elasticity and pigmentation. Sun damage is cumulative, the damage over the years from daily exposure to UV rays is not always externally visible. Early pigmentation damage occurs within the deeper layers of the skin and becomes more apparent on the surface as we age. The skin loses its ability to repair itself, prohibiting the breakdown and production of collagen, as well as the elasticity of the skin weakening, resulting in leathery and wrinkled skin.

With options for every skin type and lifestyle, ZO Skin Health’s sunscreens provide protection from the harmful effects of the sun while also improving the health of your skin.

Oclipse® Smart Tone SPF 50

  • The combination of UVA and UVB sunscreens offer broad spectrum, photostable sun protection
  • Fractionated melanin goes an extra step to shield against damaging high energy visible (HEV) light
  • Fractionated Melanin provides 6-8 hours of protection rather than the regular 1hr 45 minutes.
  • Fortified with vitamin C to inhibit pigment formation
  • Sheer tint that can be worn alone or as a makeup primer
  • Patented colour bursting beads release a subtle hint of customisable colour and radiance for a healthy glow that compliments any skin tone
  • Anti-redness inhibitors
  • Restores hydration with skin conditioners and skin barrier replenishers to skin stays youthful, soft and smooth

Key Ingredients

  • Avobenzone 3%: Provides UVA protection
  • Homosalate 10%, Octisalate 5%, Octocrylene 10%: Provide primarily UVB protection
  • Fractionated Melanin: Designed to shield the skin from high energy visible (HEV) light
  • Iron Oxides and Mica: Pressure-release colour system for customisable skin tone
  • Tetrahexyldecyl Ascorbate: Pigmentation inhibition
  • Tocopheryl Acetate, Ascorbic Acid, Retinyl Palmitate: 12-hour time release antioxidant complex fights against free radical damage

Oclipse® Sun Spray SPF 50 

  • Broad-Spectrum Sunscreen SPF 50 for Face & Body. Protects the skin from UVB, UVA and HEV exposure
  • Retains SPF for up to 80 minutes of water exposure
  • Exclusive 12-hour time release antioxidant system helps protect the skin from reactive oxidative species
  • Provides anti-irritant and soothing benefits to help reduce redness and discomfort
  • Helps restore hydration and enhance the natural skin barrier to prevent dehydration from daily environmental exposure
  • Breakthrough one touch, all angle spray system provides uniform, even coverage for the entire face and boy with a non-greasy, weightless feel

Key ingredients

  • Octocrylene 10% (UVB), Octisalates 5% (UVB), Homosalate 15% (UVB), Avobenzone 3%(UVA): Provide broad-spectrum UVA/UVB protection
  • Fractionated Melanin: Designed to shield the skin from high-energy visible light (HEV)
  • Panthenyl Triacetate, Ethyl Linoleate, Tocopherol: Provides DNA protection

Oclipse® Sunscreen Primer SPF 30

  • Provides daily multi-defence protection from UVA, UVB and high-energy visible (HEV) light
  • Exclusive 12-hour time release vitamin antioxidant system guards against photo-damage
  • DNA protection and repair
  • Helps minimise inflammation
  • Restores hydration and enhances skin barrier
  • Provides additional support to restore lipids and enhances skin barrier function
  • Helps to smooth the skin and diminish the appearance of fine lines

oclipse-sunscreen-primer-spf30Key Ingredients

  • Titanium Dioxide (8.2%): Broad spectrum sunscreen (UVA/UVB) protection
  • Fractionated Melanin: Designed to shield the skin from high-energy visible light (HEV)
  • Helianthus Annus Seed Oil, Ethyl Ferulate, Rosmarinus Officinalis Lef Extract, Disodium Urine Phosphate: Helps provide DNA protection

How Dr Obagi Treats Skin Inflammation

Skin inflammation is commonly regarded as something negative, however, this is not necessarily always the case. Inflammation is caused by many factors from disease, bacteria and irritants to UV light and even your diet. These elements force the body to fight back, which is where inflammation or specifically acute inflammation occurs. This fight is essential to keeping the body healthy. However, if acute inflammation loses the fight, it will convert to chronic inflammation, which is destructive to your body’s organs. Chronic inflammation causes cellular dysfunction, alteration of skin texture, true sensitivity, dyschromia, poor response to treatment, poor healing and accelerated ageing. This is why Dr Obagi decided to find a way to tackle it.

dealing with skin inflammation

Treating Skin Inflammation

Understanding and treating inflammation is complex. Traditional practice in current skincare has not addressed inflammation, though it is a major factor in a variety of skin problems. Medically, practitioners often treat the symptoms rather than identifying and treating the cause.

Dr Obagi has observed violent and prolonged inflammatory response to certain topical agents in some patients. While other patients demonstrated minimal to no reaction to the same agents. These observations inspired him to add anti-irritant ingredients to his skin health restoration products. Proper topical anti-inflammatory agents can be helpful in reducing skin inflammation. These agents are incorporated in most new formulations of ZO® Medical and ZO® Skin Health products and have greatly diminished the violent response from agent-induced skin inflammation.

If acute inflammation is not treated, chronic inflammation will follow. So, to arrest or eliminate chronic skin inflammation, it is necessary to create a 2-6 week phase of acute inflammation by applying the proper concentration, frequency and amount of topical agents. This process enables skin to generate a natural mechanism designed to stop the acute inflammation as well as prevent and eliminate chronic inflammation.

Every patient in Dr Obagi’s practice – whether with acne, rosacea, melasma, sun damage, ageing or textural abnormality – is started with a 2-6 week course of induced acute inflammation known as the ‘Repair Phase’. The patient will show acute inflammation symptoms (redness, dryness and flaking)  in this phase. This phase is followed by the ‘Improvement Phase’ and, later, by the ‘Completion/Tolerance Phase’. Stabilising topical agents can be used indefinitely to maintain skin health.

On the other hand, medical topical agents should be limited to 3-5 months to avoid resistance, continuing irritation or photosensitivity. Upon termination of medical treatment, a maintenance program can begin. Stabilisation can be achieved using Retinol, antioxidants, DNA repair agents and anti-irritant agents.

The Most Common Skin Condition and How to Prevent It

We asked some of our ZO skin health professionals what is the most common skin problem that they encounter in their clinics. The answer may surprise you…it’s sun damage. Yes, many dermatologists have expressed how sun damage and the multiple consequences it has on the skin is a primary issue for many patients. So we thought we’d give you some tips on how to prevent it.

What is Photodamage?

Photodamage also known as sun damage or photo-ageing is a skin condition that can affect any skin type. It develops when the skin is exposed to an overwhelming amount of harmful UV rays from sun exposure. It commonly begins to occur as young as two or three years old however it is still undetectable at this stage.  As a person grows older, and thus experience more sun exposure the damage caused becomes clinically significant. Pigmentation, wrinkling and loss of elasticity become more apparent.

It is imperative that early signs of photodamage be recognised and treated as this will help to avoid development of more severe and clinically challenging types of sun damage. Regrettably, the early stages of photodamage such as tanning, freckles, and lentigines are often ignored and treatment is only sought out when the condition becomes more severe, for instance when actinic keratoses and skin cancers appear.

Addressing Photodamage

The ideal way to tackle photodamage is to prevent it ever from occurring. This requires going beyond basic sun protection, and incorporating Dr Zein Obagi’s Key Principles of Skin Health Restoration:photodamage

  1. Avoid tanning entirely

Tanned skin is actually a display of DNA damage as well as a multitude of other unhealthy skin changes. These can have a significant negative consequence over time. Consequently, you should try to avoid excessive sun exposure. Wearing protective clothing such as hats, long-sleeved tops, and trouser as well as avoiding outdoor activities during peak time (between 10am-4pm) is advised.

  1. Do not rely on sunscreens alone

Regardless of how high a level of SPF you have in your sunscreen; it inevitably comes off after only one to two hours. So you must reapply it frequently throughout the day. Additionally, even if you do consistently apply sunscreen, research has demonstrated that people do not actually apply enough. So make sure to use plenty of sunscreen and don’t forget to cover everywhere; including the ears, hands, back of the knees and feet.

  1. Implement a daily skincare routine to ensure optimum skin protection

Following a skincare program that provides stabilisation of the epidermis (outer layer of skin) and the dermis (inner layer of skin) will increase the skin’s ability to repair and renew itself. To promote and enhance the skin’s barrier function, use a suitable concentration of retinol and AHAs daily. Always apply sunscreen after these active ingredients.  In addition, the skin should be supplied with a formulation that consists of 4-6 types of antioxidants for DNA protection and to stimulate skin repair.

Product Recommendation

 ZO Skin Health’s Oclipse® Smart Tone SPF50 is a highly advanced, SPF 50 sunscreen with broad-spectrum UVA/UVB and HEV protection.  In addition, it is formulated to inhibit pigmentation. Furthermore, it has a sophisticated 12-hour time-release antioxidant complex to guard against photodamage. Plus, this sunscreen doubles as a sheer tint primer. Comprised of customisable colour-bursting beads to release a subtle tint for the appearance of a radiant and healthy glow.


Source: Body Language

The Difference Between Cosmetics and Cosmeceuticals

How many times have you looked for reviews online in the hope of finding a cream that really keeps its promises? One of the most common questions, when we try to choose from the hundreds of shiny, little jars is “will it work?”

So, rather than wasting your money over and over again through a trial and error process, we think it would be better to understand the difference between products, before buying them. This way you can ensure you go in with a full knowledge of what different products can do for your skin.cosmeceuticals

Cosmetics vs. Cosmeceuticals

A cosmetic product can only be applied to the outer surface of the skin and so it cannot directly treat a specific disease. It cannot pass through the dermal-epidermal joining, which is the area between the epidermis and dermis. However, it can maintain, protect, clean, add fragrance to, and change the appearance of any area of the epidermis’ surface that it is applied to.

In contrast, cosmeceuticals are able to penetrate the epidermis. The active principles are able to pass through the epidermis and act deep within the dermis. Although, due to its composition, a cosmeceutical product is not classifiable as a drug, despite being formulated with highly active principles.

A product classified as a drug is any substance or combination of substances that has the ability to cure or prevent a specific disease. Its main purpose is to restore, correct or modify the physiological functions through pharmacological action.

Where Can You Find Them

Another difference between cosmetics and cosmeceuticals is where you can purchase them. If a product contains ingredients that can penetrate or change the functioning of the skin, it cannot be sold over the counter. These kinds of products require a medical prescription. When a product must be prescribed by a doctor it is classified as a therapeutic product.

Although cosmeceuticals contain ingredients that can penetrate the skin, they are not classified as therapeutic products. This is because they only have a mild effect on the skin in comparison to the stronger medical products.

Why Not Try ZO

ZO Skin Health products offer a wide range of cosmeceutical solutions. Their purpose is to maintain the results of therapeutic treatments and support daily skin health and protection from the environment.

ZO Medical includes therapeutic solutions that can treat a wide range of skin disorders and chronic conditions. These products can only be provided by skin health professionals.

How to get rid of adult acne

Acne breakouts are a nightmare for anyone. No one is happy to see those dreaded red bumps pushing to the surface. So it’s safe to assume that a skincare routine that can help to prevent and treat adult acne would be life changing.

adult acne acne prevention

Acne is an inflammatory condition that can come in a variety of stages from mild to severe. One of the number one enemies of acne is oil. So you’ve got to get rid of the oil and dead skin daily to avoid clogging pores and to reduce that inflammation. Salicylic acid is an ideal ingredient to help combat adult acne and breakouts. The ZO Medical solutions have high concentrations of ingredients like salicylic acid to effectively treat the skin.

Although, sometimes, regardless of diligently sticking to your routine, pimples can still pop up. This could be due to hormones, medication or some other factor out of your control. So, below we expand on a skincare routine formulated by Dr Obagi for both acne prevention and maintenance, just in case you get that odd pesky breakout.

 

Acne Prevention + Treatment Program

This simple regimen is for those who have started to experience increased oiliness, blackheads, and comedones. It controls oiliness by slowing sebum activity and breaking down surface sebum. It will also exfoliate dead skin cells helps to repair surface damage, decrease clogged pores and tighten them, to overall improve your skin’s texture.

Step Product

Morning or Night

1 GSR™ Offects Exfoliating Cleanser AM + PM
2 GSR™ Offects Exfoliating Polish AM
3 GSR™ Offects TE-Pads AM + PM
4 Treat Offects Sulfur Masque AM + PM
5 Treat Ossential Daily Power Defense AM
6 Treat Hydration and Calming Agents AM + PM
7 Protect Sun Protection AM
8 Optional Blemishbright™ or Offects® Correct & Conceal Acne Treatment AM + PM