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5 Surprising Causes of Melasma

Melasma is a very common skin condition. It causes dark irregular patches on skin, otherwise known as hyperpigmentation. Most people, at some point of their lives, come across this patchy brown discoloration and while it’s not a dangerous condition, it’s certainly an unpleasant one. Although, most people would not pay much attention to it, an old saying goes – “forewarned is forearmed”. Here are five causes of melasma which will make you scratch your head:

 1. Birth control pills may cause melisma

birth control pills, melasma, melasma causes

Besides their main function of preventing pregnancy, birth control pills are used to ease many different things – period pains, acne, oily skin. It is a little wonder-pill which helps with different small but important problems in life. But like all the good things in life – it all comes with a cost. This time the cost is an increased chance of hyperpigmentation. Big word, right? Not really, just means some skin cells are darker than normal. Simple! Contraceptive pills cause oestrogen imbalance and promote development of dark spots in the facial area.

2. You may have a higher chance of having melasma

 dna, genetic predisposition, melasma, melasma causes

Yes, one of the factors of having melasma is genetic predisposition. Usually, for example, it is the people with a darker skin tone who are most likely to be affected by this skin condition. Unlucky tanners!

3. Your beloved skin products can cause it

skincare products, melasma, melasma causes

Actually, not all of them, but it’s true. Skin products that tend to irritate, inflame or burn your skin can cause hyperpigmentation. If you use skincare products that sting or burn, consider buying softer ones to avoid black spots. We recommend using ZO Skin Health products for a combination of gentle treatment and effective results.

4. Sun protection

SPF, sun protection, melasma, melasma causes

And more precisely, the lack of it. Ultraviolet radiation is prone to penetrate the skin cells on the face and cause a mutation leading to darkening of the skin cells. It is always useful to wear adequate clothing and we also remind you that the use of sun protection is crucial for healthy looking skin. At ZO Skin Health, you will find products that combine sun protection with treatment of hyperpigmentation and discoloration.

5. Mysterious condition

The unusual thing about melasma is that the principal cause of this condition is yet to be known. This creates lots of room for speculation about its cause and unreasonable tales about traditional remedies. Our advice is, keep out of the sun if you aren’t wearing sunscreen, lead a healthy lifestyle, use ZO Skin Health Fundamental Five regime and you will be fine!

ZO Symposium

Wigmore Medical are holding their fifth annual ZO Symposium at FACE 2017. This is a unique forum for industry leaders, including Dr Zein Obagi, to introduce their latest research, breakthroughs and advances in the science of skin care and health.

The ZO Symposium allows us to highlight all the latest products, techniques and results from the 2017 ZO Skin Health range. We are a brand that is consistently developing to the needs of the modern day patient and with that, a selection of new products have been launched in 2017.

The science and history of ZO Skin Health is always important to remember and who better than to tell us all about the range than Dr Zein Obagi himself.

ZO symposium

What Can you Expect From This Symposium?

  • Leading Speakers
  • Skincare expertise
  • New Product launches
  • Treatment Options
  • Advanced Techniques
  • Live demonstrations
  • Product offers
  • Networking opportunity
ZO Symposium Schedule
Time
Topic
Speaker(s)
09.30 – 11.00 The latest advances in skin science and skin health restoration Dr Zein Obagi
11.30 – 12.30 Rozatrol and the clinical trials Dr Rachael Eckel
12.30 – 13.00 Old Dog New Tricks: How to get the most out of the existing products Dr Rachael Eckel

 

14.30 – 15.30 ZO Portfolio Expansion: Cellulite Control, Pore Refiner, Sheer Tone and Oclipse-C (Gen 2) Dr Rachel Eckel
15.30 – 16.15 Spotlight on Acne Dr Kannan Athreya
16.15 – 17.00 Tackling Hyper-Pigmentation with a focus on Melasma Dr Anamica Prasad
17.00 – 17.30 Q&A With Panel Dr Rachael Eckel, Dr Kannan Athreya, Dr Anamica Prasad, Dr John Tanqueray

To attend the ZO Symposium please register your interest by emailing events@wigmoremedical.com and you will then receive instructions on which FACE pass to purchase to gain access to this exclusive event.

How Dr Obagi Treats Skin Inflammation

Skin inflammation is commonly regarded as something negative, however, this is not necessarily always the case. Inflammation is caused by many factors from disease, bacteria and irritants to UV light and even your diet. These elements force the body to fight back, which is where inflammation or specifically acute inflammation occurs. This fight is essential to keeping the body healthy. However, if acute inflammation loses the fight, it will convert to chronic inflammation, which is destructive to your body’s organs. Chronic inflammation causes cellular dysfunction, alteration of skin texture, true sensitivity, dyschromia, poor response to treatment, poor healing and accelerated ageing. This is why Dr Obagi decided to find a way to tackle it.

dealing with skin inflammation

Treating Skin Inflammation

Understanding and treating inflammation is complex. Traditional practice in current skincare has not addressed inflammation, though it is a major factor in a variety of skin problems. Medically, practitioners often treat the symptoms rather than identifying and treating the cause.

Dr Obagi has observed violent and prolonged inflammatory response to certain topical agents in some patients. While other patients demonstrated minimal to no reaction to the same agents. These observations inspired him to add anti-irritant ingredients to his skin health restoration products. Proper topical anti-inflammatory agents can be helpful in reducing skin inflammation. These agents are incorporated in most new formulations of ZO® Medical and ZO® Skin Health products and have greatly diminished the violent response from agent-induced skin inflammation.

If acute inflammation is not treated, chronic inflammation will follow. So, to arrest or eliminate chronic skin inflammation, it is necessary to create a 2-6 week phase of acute inflammation by applying the proper concentration, frequency and amount of topical agents. This process enables skin to generate a natural mechanism designed to stop the acute inflammation as well as prevent and eliminate chronic inflammation.

Every patient in Dr Obagi’s practice – whether with acne, rosacea, melasma, sun damage, ageing or textural abnormality – is started with a 2-6 week course of induced acute inflammation known as the ‘Repair Phase’. The patient will show acute inflammation symptoms (redness, dryness and flaking)  in this phase. This phase is followed by the ‘Improvement Phase’ and, later, by the ‘Completion/Tolerance Phase’. Stabilising topical agents can be used indefinitely to maintain skin health.

On the other hand, medical topical agents should be limited to 3-5 months to avoid resistance, continuing irritation or photosensitivity. Upon termination of medical treatment, a maintenance program can begin. Stabilisation can be achieved using Retinol, antioxidants, DNA repair agents and anti-irritant agents.

ZO® Signature Peels

Peels can be used to correct and reduce various skin conditions. From sun damage and hyperpigmentation, (including melasma) to rough texture, dullness and dryness. In addition, lines and wrinkles, laxity, scars and the overall increase of skin health are the benefits a peel can give you. But what makes the ZO® Signature Peels different? Find out everything you need to know below.

ZO® Signature Peels

There are peels for every skin colour, type, and condition:

Invisapeel™ Intensive Resurfacing Peel is used during skin treatments for better, faster and deeper results. It is ideal for those will flaky, dull or dry skin
ZO® Retinol Stimulation Peel™ is used for anti-ageing benefits, but only after the skin has become tolerant to retinol or retinoic acid. This peel is recommended for those who’s skin has a rough texture, an uneven tone, dull or has lines and wrinkles.
ZO® 3-Step Peel™ is used for general exfoliation and offers a wide range of benefits. Consequently, it is great for many skin conditions from acne, to lax skin, sun damage, uneven tone or lines and wrinkles.
ZO® Controlled Depth Peel™ can be used on all skin types and ethnicities for deeper repair, texture improvement, and skin tightening. For those who suffer from melasma, scars, severe laxity or severe texture damage, this peel is for you.

ZO® Signature Peels

A little more information on ZO® Signature Peels

The intensity of the peel relates directly to the improvement you will see and the downtime and irritation you will experience post-peel. Although depending on your time-demands, at-home peels may be more appropriate for a slower, yet still effective, cumulative treatment. Pre-conditioning the skin prior to a peel will improve skin health as well as accelerate post-peel healing. Furthermore, using retinol or retinoids consistently before a peel will help strengthen the skin to improve barrier function. If the skin is weak or dehydrated, it is not ready to be peeled.

How to treat Melasma – Dr Toni Phillips

Interview with Dr Toni Phillips, Destination Skin Clinic, about how to treat Melasma.

Under the Skin is a one-to-one interview that addresses different skin issues and concerns, providing the latest information about ZO Skin Health protocols and treatments for the consumer clients.

How to get rid of hyperpigmentation on the skin

Hyperpigmentation is a change in skin colour, usually of the face, but often also of the hands and other parts of the body most exposed to solar radiation. It is a common problem, regardless of skin colour or ethnic origin.

Hyperpigmentation can spread to the entire surface of the skin, either affecting different areas or restricted to individual parts.

Human skin contains cells that produce melanin (melanocytes), a pigment that gives colour to the skin and helps protect the body from the sun’s ultraviolet rays. An overproduction of melanin leads to hyperpigmentation of the skin.

Types of hyperpigmentation

Hyperpigmentation includes many different forms.

Freckles are small circular dark spots, focused on the face, shoulders, neck, torso and hands, more commonly found on people with fair skin and red or blond hair. They are present all year round on the face of these subjects but became more evident in the summer with exposure to sunlight.

Another form of freckle is solar lentigos, also known as liver spots, that are formed due to overexposure to radiation of the sun; it is more commonly called “sunspots skin”.

The senile lentigo is formed by the accumulation of damage caused by sun exposure.

Another form of hyperpigmentation, rather severe, is melasma, caused by an intense and uneven accumulation of melanin. If the freckles are just small spots, melasma is a spot much more extensive and unsightly.

Finally there is the post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation that is formed in the presence of scars, burns, eczema and acne.

ZO Skin Health and Medical products and protocols are optimised to treat a wide range of skin disorders and chronic conditions including all forms of hyperpigmentation.

Causes, and how to get rid of hyperpigmentation

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