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Air Pollution 101: Everything You Need to Protect Your Skin from the Smog

Air pollution isn’t just threating the environment – research shows that it’s taking a serious toll on your wellbeing and ageing your skin faster. We are all aware of the three big S’s of skin ageing – Smoke, Sun and Stress, but new discoveries show that there is another menace that is just as bad for our  skin health – Pollution.

air pollution, London smog, PM2.5, skincare,

How air pollution affects your overall health

According to the latest London Authority Report, the capital’s population is breathing 50% more PM2.5 than the safe levels recommended by the World’s Health Organisation. Pm2.5 stands for particle matter less than 2.5 micrometres in size which means they penetrate deep into the human body and cause long-term damage. WHO attributes 3.3 million deaths per year to PM2.5 pollution and links them to a wide range of cardiovascular and respiratory disease.

What it does to your skin

Prolonged pollution exposure can damage your skin in a myriad of ways, ranging from chronic inflammation to dehydration and loss of elasticity. A  study published by the Journal of Investigative Dermatology links microscopic air contaminants to increased  skin sensitivity and premature signs of ageing, especially pigmentation issues. What is more, smog strips away vital nutrients for your skin such as vitamin E, peptides and lipids. According to the American Association of Dermatologists, people living in areas with high level of air pollution have an increased risk of suffering from acne, atopic dermatitis and rashes.

What can you do to stop it from ruining your complexion

As with most skin problems, prevention is better than cure, and luckily there are products that can help you alleviate the adverse effects If don’t want to end up wearing the consequences of city life on your face in 10 years time, get serious about your skincare routine. Here are a few simple steps that can help you tackle the environmental assault on your skin:

Clean it off:

Exfoliating-Cleanser, air pollution, skincare, london smog

A deep cleanse is imperative for city dwellers as pollution can build up on top of makeup, excess oils and nay other chemicals you come in touch throughout the day and trigger breakouts. ZO Exfoliating Cleanser is formulated with magnesium microbeads that gently exfoliate dead skin cells and trap bacteria, while the blend of salicylic acid and vitamin E neutralises free radical damage and stimulates collagen production.

 Build up antioxidants in your routine:

daily-power-defense, air pollution, london smog, skincare

Air pollutants and free radical can severely disrupt the healthy functioning of your barrier, making it susceptible to dehydration and irritation. Antioxidants, along with peptides and vitamins, help strengthen your skin and neutralise the primary triggers of skin ageing.  Daily Power Defense with an exclusive blend of antioxidants and DNA repair enzymes that penetrates the deeper layers of your skin, stimulating cell turnover and restoring its natural moisture balance.

 

 

 

 

 

5 Bad Habits Ruining Your Skin

If healthy, glowing skin is at the top of your beauty priorities, you need to kiss these bad habits goodbye:

1. Smoking

bad habits ruining your skin, smoking, smoking effects on skin

If you smoke, you already know you need to quit. You know smoking is bad for heart, lungs and brain but do you know that every puff is also adding ages to your face?
Every time you light up, you inhale over 4 000 toxic chemicals that cause oxidative stress and inflammation in your skin. Long-time smokers develop wrinkles earlier in life because the chemicals in tobacco smoke deprive the skin from oxygen and damage collagen and elastin molecules. Quitting smoking cold turkey isn’t easy, but the overall health and wellbeing of your body and skin, it’s surely worth it. If you are struggling to stop smoking, then why don’t you consider an alternative like vaping? It’s not quite the same but it is certainly better and easier then going cold turkey. You could check out sites like this Portuguese one called Grossistas de Vaporizadores if you are interested in finding an alternative method to stop smoking.

2. Skipping on SPF

bad habits ruining your skin, unprotected sun exposure, SPF

Sun damage doesn’t discriminate. It can happen all year-round, affects all skin types and the damage builds up each year. If you want to protect your skin from getting wrinkled, saggy and unevenly pigmented, SPF should be a non-negotiable part of your daily skincare routine. Choose a broad-spectrum formula that includes protection against UVB, UVA and HEV radiation.

3. Eating too much junk food

bad habits ruining your skin, junk food, carbohydrates

What is wrong with the occasional burger and chips? Nothing! But if you are a junk food junkie or have a monster sweet tooth, you are damaging your skin. Refined carbohydrates cause spikes in your blood sugar level and trigger a surge of insulin. Overproduction of insulin leads to hormonal imbalances that can exacerbate breakouts and irritation. Make your diet work with you rather than against you and load up on antioxidants and skin-friendly foods.

4. Squeezing pimples.

bad habits ruining your skin, squeezing pimples, spots, picking acne

We know, there’s something too irresistible about squeezing a spot out of existence. However, you should resist picking your pimples if you don’t want to end up with some nasty scars and acne hyperpigmentation. Squeezing zits just pushes bacteria and deeper into your skin (and transfers new germs from your fingers), causing inflammation, irritation and scarring.

5. Over-exfoliating

bad habits ruining your skin, over-exfoliating, signs of over-exfoliation

Going overboard with exfoliation (physical and chemical) does more harm than good to your skin. Scrubbing too hard and too often can damage the protective barrier of your skin and hinder its ability to retain moisture. Watch your skin for the sneaky signs of over-exfoliation and scrub no more than three times per week.

Free Radicals Beyond the Hype: Everything You Need to Know

Free radicals are the busiest buzzwords in the beauty world, but do you know what exactly are these beauty “devils” are and why they are so harmful to your skin? Here’s everything you need to know:

So, what exactly are free radicals?

free radicals, oxidative stress

Free radicals are extra “packets” of energy, created through our natural metabolic process. We call them “free” because they are not dedicated to any particular biochemical reaction in the body. Free radicals have an unpaired electron in their outer orbital shell which makes them highly reactive and unstable molecules. They penetrate into the interior of other cells, trying to regain their missing electron, and damage whatever cell structure they strike.

Why free radicals are particularly bad for the skin?

free radicals, skin damage

More than 85% of all free radical damage in the body comes from the cells’ own metabolic process. However, the skin is extremely rich in lipids, proteins and DNA which makes it a major target for unstable radicals and especially susceptible to oxidative stress. It is also the body’s first line of defense against environmental factors and as such is exposed to various external sources of free radical damage in addition to cellular metabolism.

Major external sources of free radical damage include:

free radicals, smoking, skin damage

  • UV radiation: skin receives 80% of its free radical damage from sun radiation. The oxygen, contained in the lower levels of the epidermis, is a primary target for UV rays. When UV light waves penetrate the skin, they donate electrons to the oxygen within skin cells, creating a chain of unstable, aggressive free radical molecules.
  • Cigarette smoke: tobacco smoke is critically damaging to all cells and tissues. With every puff, you deliver to your body more than 4 000 toxic chemicals that lead to oxidative stress.
  • Excessive alcohol consumption: drinking alcohol increases your levels of cytokines, inflammatory molecules, responsible for excessive free radical production which leads to oxidative stress.
  • Exposure to air pollutants: industrial pollution and allergens increase oxidation in our bodies.

How can I protect my skin from free radicals and prevent oxidative stress?

free radicals protection, antioxidants

When it comes to fighting off free radicals and oxidative stress in the skin, antioxidants are our superheroes. Antioxidants can neutralize free radicals before they touch the cell as well as stop ongoing cellular damage.

There is a tricky part though – only 1% of dietary antioxidants reach the surface of the skin. To effectively protect your skin from free radical damage, you need to apply topical antioxidants.

Choose antioxidants wisely for best results

Not all topical antioxidants are created equal. Effective topical antioxidants must be stable and come in the purest form, so they can penetrate the outermost barriers and reach the interior of the cell.

Ossential C-Bright Serum provides a potent dose of 10% pure, stabilised vitamin C that to brighten and re-texture the skin. Vitamin E and co-enzyme Q-10 protect the skin from environmental damage, while lipids and skin conditioners hydrate and support barrier restoration.

 

Ossential Daily Power Defense is formulated with vitamin E, enzymes and ceramides to speed up DNA repair in skin cells and protect against future oxidative damage.

daily power defense, free radicals, antioxidant protection

 

4 Anti-Ageing Ingredients to Look For in Skincare Products

Do you know what makes your anti-ageing cream work? Healthy and young-looking skin is within reach at any age. Become better acquainted with your skincare products and look for active ingredients and powerful wrinkle fighters. No matter what products you decide to go for, it’s always important to choose quality over price.

So, here are the 4 real-deal anti-ageing ingredients to look for in skincare products:

#1 Retinol

anti-ageing ingredients in skicare, retinol, vitamin A

Retinol is an active form of vitamin A and your most powerful ally in the fight against premature ageing and skin damage. Retinol sweeps away the dead cells that cause dullness and stimulates cellular repair at the deepest level of the skin. It also helps to improve the overall skin tone and texture by increasing blood-vessel formation and boosting blood circulation in your skin layers.
Ossential Advanced Radical Night Repair contains 1% retinol which is the highest concentration you can find in over-the-counter products. It’s formulated with antioxidants and plant stem cell protectors to defend your skin against free radical damage and prevent future signs of ageing.

#2 Lipids

anti-ageing ingredinets in skincare, lipids

Lipids fill the spaces between skin cells like mortar and cement and help your skin retain natural moisture. As we age, the epidermis loses lipids, collagen and elastin causing the internal support structure of your skin to collapse and lose its firmness and elasticity.
To keep your skin plump and smooth you need to reinfuse it with lipids. Ommerse Overnight Recovery crème reinforces skin’s barrier functions and protects against transepidermal water loss. It’s packed with ceramides (waxy lipid molecules) and retinol to support skin’s structure and boost collagen production.

#3 Antioxidants

anti-ageing ingrediants in skincare, antioxidants

Antioxidants are superheroes against free radical damage. Free radicals form in your body when you’re exposed to UV rays, air pollution or other environmental assault. Unchecked, they can damage and destroy collagen, elastin and the very DNA structure of your skin cells.
Antioxidants are a crucial part of your skin’s defence system. As free radicals are highly charged and unstable, antioxidants bind with them to create a harmless stable molecule. Some antioxidants multitask too; Ossential C-Bright Serum contains vitamin C and E to protect your skin from the harmful effects of free radicals and co-enzyme Q-10 to help stimulate collagen production and boost cell repair.

#4 SPF

zo skin health oclipse smart tone, anti-agein ingredients in skincare, sun protection

Yes, you’ve heard it a million times, but wearing sunscreen all year round is the easiest way to protect your skin from premature wrinkling, sagging and discoloration.
If you want to keep your skin healthy and young-looking, an SPF of 30 or higher should be the core of your skincare regime. Oclipse Smart Tone SPF 50 provides broad-spectrum protection against UVA, UVB, HEV and I-RA radiation. Its ultra-lightweight formula contains customisable colour beads that blend seamlessly into every skin tone. The sunscreen is enriched with 12-hour release antioxidant complex to give your skin an extra layer of protection against free radical damage.

Reduce and Prevent Crow’s Feet Following These 3 Simple Steps

crow's feet, fine lines, wrinkle reduction and prevention

Crow’s feet AKA the fine lines around your eyes, that seem to develop overnight, are usually the first signs of ageing to show up on your face. The delicate eye area has the thinnest skin in our body – 40% thinner than the rest of our face – making it prone to wrinkles at an earlier stage. If crow’s feet have started to appear on your face, here is what you can do to slow them down and prevent deeper wrinkles:

#1 Wear Sunscreen Every Single Day

crow's feet, sun protection

Sun damage accounts for about 80% of visible signs of ageing. No matter how careless you’ve been with sun protection in the past, get religious about it right now to prevent fine lines and wrinkles from getting worse.

Oclipse Smart Tone SPF 50 provides a broad-spectrum protection against the harmful effects of UVB, UVA and HEV radiation. It’s formulated with customisable colour beads that blend seamlessly into most skin tones and provide a sheer matte finish.

#2 Add Vitamin A to your skincare routine

Active vitamin A supports the healthy function of skin’s protective barrier and encourages collagen production to restore and maintain skin elasticity.

Hydrafirm Eye Brightening Repair Creme, crow's feet

Hydrafirm™ is a potent repair eye cream that addresses all signs of ageing in the delicate eye area. It’s packed with active vitamin A, hyaluronic acid and enzymatic vasodilators to smooth fine lines around the eyes, soften the appearance of dark circles and reduce puffiness.

#3 Protect Your Skin from Free Radicals

crow's feet, antioxidants, free radicals

You can’t see it, but your skin is constantly under attack by unstable, reactive molecules called free radicals. Environmental factors such as UV radiation, air pollution, cigarette smoke can spawn free radicals, but they can also form through natural physiological processes. Unchecked, free radicals attack proteins like collagen, lipids and elastin fibres which causes your skin to lose firmness and elasticity. So, how can you protect your complexion from the harmful effects free radical damage?

Antioxidants, vitamins C and E in particular, are your most powerful allies in the fight against free radicals. Vitamin E binds with free radical to create stable molecules and neutralises their damaging effects. Vitamin C boosts collagen  production and helps your skin heal itself faster. Ossential C-Bright Serum provides a potent dose of 10% vitamin C, combined with vitamin E and co-enzyme Q-10, to protect your skin from environmental damage and minimise the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles.  

Anti Aging Skincare Tips

For the essential product in your anti-ageing skincare routine, look no further than Ossential Growth Factor Serum Plus. This anti-ageing all rounder delivers daily DNA repair, as well as antioxidant protection. This both corrects current signs of ageing and protects the skin from any future skin damage too.

What makes it anti-ageing skincare?

It also contains two growth factors to support collagen production, which increases skin density and helps cure signs of ageing like fine lines and wrinkles. Also included is anti-ageing hero retinol and amino acids, which stimulate cellular function, reduce the degradation of collagen and restores elasticity for all round skin rejuvenation.

 

This super serum is suitable for all skin types, including sensitive skin, and is also a part of the Stage Two Anti-Ageing Skincare Regime.

 

How Exactly Does the Growth Factor Serum Benefit the Skin?

 

 

  • Boosts elastin and collagen production to reduce the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles and to tighten and firm the skin.
  • Growth Factor serum promotes cell turnover to help smooth the skin and provide a more even skin tone against skin pigmentation.
  • Helps protect against DNA damage and encourages healthy DNA repair.
  • Growth factor plus includes antioxidants to provide protection against free radical damage.

The importance of a regular skincare regime

Why is it important to keep a regular skincare regime?

 

Keeping up a regular skincare regime can be difficult to juggle with a busy work and social life. With everything else going on in our lives, applying skincare products each morning and evening can be difficult to religiously keep up! However, keeping a regular skincare regime is a very important investment, that will lead to healthy and clear skin.

The skin is the largest organ in the human body, and we put it through harsh weather, pollution, UV damage and abrasion every day, so it’s so important to take good care of it. And there are so many benefits to maintaining a regular skin regime

skincare regime

Good Condition

Regular maintenance is the key to keeping your skin in good condition for years to come. Many people only think about starting a consistent skin regime after their skin shows signs of acne, congestion or ageing. However, keeping a regular skin regime can help prevent these issues, and should take no longer than 5 minutes every morning and evening.

Visible Results

A lot of people will try a new skincare product, only to give up after a few uses if they don’t see immediate results. Active ingredients and a regular skincare regime can take up to a few months before you start to see visible results – so don’t give up if you don’t see overnight results! Think of your skincare regime like an exercise routine, it takes consistent practice and time, but you will start to see subtle improvements if you keep at it.

ZO Fundamental 5

The ZO Fundamental 5 is the perfect starting point for your skincare regime. These are a carefully selected group of products recommended to rejuvenate and revitalise dull, tired skin.

In 5 easy steps, you can start your regular skincare regime. Wash, scrub, oil-control, stimulate and protect.

1. Wash: Offects® Exfoliating Cleanser

This cleanser and exfoliant combination targets oil, dirt and bacteria in the skin leaving it deeply cleansed, without stripping the skin of its natural oils.

2. Scrub: Offects® Exfoliating Polish

This exfoliant instantly polishes skin to restore a smoother texture and deliver healthy glowing skin.

3. Oil-Control: Offects® TE-Pads™ 

A dual-chemical exfoliation removes dead skin cells to prevent clogged pores and help decrease a potential acne breakout.

4. Balance: Ossential® Daily Power Defense™ 

Formulated with retinol, enzymes and antioxidants, this skin restorer helps to stabilise skin by repairing damaged cells and protecting skin against future damage.

Protect: Oclipse® Sunscreen + Primer SPF 30

A broad-spectrum UVA/UVB SPF that uses a multiple-defence sun protection system to provides full-spectrum defence against UV rays in addition to shielding skin from the ageing effects of HEV light (high-energy visible light).

 

 

Recommended Autumn Skincare Essentials

For those who want to give their skin a boost for the autumn, here are a few of our favourite skincare essentials that we believe will make a visible improvement to your complexion.

autumn skincare essentials

Cleanser

It’s essential to cleanse your skin both morning and night to ensure you remove all the impurities and dead skin cells to promote cell turnover and thus have a fresher, younger looking skin.

For Normal to Dry skin we recommend: Offects® Hydrating Cleanser

Dry skin requires a gentle cleanser that will not disrupt sebum which is why Offects® Hydrating Cleanser is perfect. It hydrates by helping to retaining moisture during the cleansing process and rejuvenates with it’s calming properties such as panthenol, which soothes, repairs and restores skin. In addition, this cleanser stimulates collagen production and contains allantoin, which cleans away dead skin cells and supports cellular renewal. All on top of it removing dirt, oil and makeup without leaving any residue. Washing your face never felt so good.

For Normal to Oily Skin we recommend: Offects® Exfoliating Cleanser

Cleansing is an important first step for all skin types, but for oily, acne-prone skin, it’s critical. The key to managing oily skin is gently exfoliating dull, dry skin cells that trap bacteria; reducing excess oil; and neutralising free radicals. Offects® Exfoliating Cleanser does all of that and goes one step further, by providing encapsulated Vitamin E, the most important antioxidant for healthy skin.

Nourishing Hydrator

No matter what your skin type, one of our skincare essentials is a good hydrating crème for both day and night. Even those with oily skin need to hydrate as without the proper hydration your skin will produce even more excessive oils as an overcompensation for the lack of hydration.

For the day we recommend: Ommerse® Renewal Crème 
This crème is packed with pure retinol, powerful anti-oxidants and a soothing agent to repair the skin barrier and rejuvenate the skin. Oh, and one more thing. It’s a great all-day hydrator, too.

For the night we recommend: Ommerse® Overnight Recovery Crème
While you sleep, your skin becomes more active, repairing and regenerating skin cells. This is the most important time to strengthen and nourish your skin. Ommerse® Overnight Recovery Crème is the natural counterpoint to an active day–a little bit of R and R to calm and nourish the skin. It’s not sheer indulgence, though. While you sleep, retinol works to reduce fine lines and wrinkles, ceramides nourish and calming agents protect against inflammation.

Peel

Peels are always a firm recommendation from dermatologists and one of our favourite skincare essentials. As it lifts off the rough, dull surface layer of dead skin cells to help give skin the reflective glow that only comes from a smooth, even surface.

We recommend: ZO Medical’s Invisapeel™

This formulation uses a unique process to renew the epidermis, providing enhanced exfoliation without any flaking or peeling, leaving skin noticeably smoother, firmer and brighter. Specialized enzymes and alpha hydroxy acid (AHA) promote exfoliation to improve the texture and help even skin tone in addition to enhancing and accelerating the repair of most epidermal problems such as discoloration, flaky skin and roughness. What’s more this product is excellent for both facial and non-facial skin such as hands, arms and legs!

UV Light and Tanning: Is the Sun Making Your Skin Age Faster

Getting older is an inevitable part of life but looking visibly older doesn’t have to be. Ageing skin is generally due to external environmental factors, particularly exposure to the sun and harmful UV light. These  factors not only accelerate, but change the process of ageing for the skin, damaging and make it vulnerable to blemishes and skin diseases.

uv light

UV Light

Skin damage caused by the sun and UV light is generally located in the most sun-exposed parts of the body. In women, it is especially common on the face, hands and decolletage, while for men, on the back.

Photo-ageing is a particular state of skin ageing caused by chronic damage from UV rays and sun exposure. The latter, in the long run, causes long-term damage to the DNA of skin cells, as well as contributing to biological ageing.

The harmful habit of tanning whether on a sunbed or by the beach, repeated over time, will damage collagen in the skin and ultimately speed up the ageing process, resulting in:

  • deep wrinkles
  • loss of elasticity
  • dry and rough skin
  • the presence of dilated capillaries on the cheeks, nose and ears
  • dark spots
  • flaking
  • actinic keratosis
  • skin cancer

The most common signs of sun damage include solar lentigo, wrinkles and loss of elasticity, hemangiomas and seborrheic keratoses (brown, black or light tan growth on the face, chest, shoulders or back).

ZO Skin Health and Medical offer solutions to prevent and treat the visible signs of UV light sun damage:

TREAT
 Brightamax  Brightenex  C-Bright  Restoracalm

ZO Medical Brightamax

ZO Medical Brightenex1 Image

c-bright_small

restoracalm_small

PREVENT
 Oclipse-C  Oclipse Sun Spray 50  Oclipse
Sunscreen + Primer
 Oclipse Smart Tone
ZO Medical Oclipse-C ZO Oclipse Sun Spray ZO Oclipse Sunscreen Primer spf30 ZO Oclipse Smart Tone

 

 

 

Product Spotlight: SPF

Photoageing is one of the biggest causes of premature ageing leading to an increase in fine lines, wrinkles, loss of elasticity and pigmentation. Sun damage is cumulative, the damage over the years from daily exposure to UV rays is not always externally visible. Early pigmentation damage occurs within the deeper layers of the skin and becomes more apparent on the surface as we age. The skin loses its ability to repair itself, prohibiting the breakdown and production of collagen, as well as the elasticity of the skin weakening, resulting in leathery and wrinkled skin.

With options for every skin type and lifestyle, ZO Skin Health’s sunscreens provide protection from the harmful effects of the sun while also improving the health of your skin.

Oclipse® Smart Tone SPF 50

  • The combination of UVA and UVB sunscreens offer broad spectrum, photostable sun protection
  • Fractionated melanin goes an extra step to shield against damaging high energy visible (HEV) light
  • Fractionated Melanin provides 6-8 hours of protection rather than the regular 1hr 45 minutes.
  • Fortified with vitamin C to inhibit pigment formation
  • Sheer tint that can be worn alone or as a makeup primer
  • Patented colour bursting beads release a subtle hint of customisable colour and radiance for a healthy glow that compliments any skin tone
  • Anti-redness inhibitors
  • Restores hydration with skin conditioners and skin barrier replenishers to skin stays youthful, soft and smooth

Key Ingredients

  • Avobenzone 3%: Provides UVA protection
  • Homosalate 10%, Octisalate 5%, Octocrylene 10%: Provide primarily UVB protection
  • Fractionated Melanin: Designed to shield the skin from high energy visible (HEV) light
  • Iron Oxides and Mica: Pressure-release colour system for customisable skin tone
  • Tetrahexyldecyl Ascorbate: Pigmentation inhibition
  • Tocopheryl Acetate, Ascorbic Acid, Retinyl Palmitate: 12-hour time release antioxidant complex fights against free radical damage

Oclipse® Sun Spray SPF 50 

  • Broad-Spectrum Sunscreen SPF 50 for Face & Body. Protects the skin from UVB, UVA and HEV exposure
  • Retains SPF for up to 80 minutes of water exposure
  • Exclusive 12-hour time release antioxidant system helps protect the skin from reactive oxidative species
  • Provides anti-irritant and soothing benefits to help reduce redness and discomfort
  • Helps restore hydration and enhance the natural skin barrier to prevent dehydration from daily environmental exposure
  • Breakthrough one touch, all angle spray system provides uniform, even coverage for the entire face and boy with a non-greasy, weightless feel

Key ingredients

  • Octocrylene 10% (UVB), Octisalates 5% (UVB), Homosalate 15% (UVB), Avobenzone 3%(UVA): Provide broad-spectrum UVA/UVB protection
  • Fractionated Melanin: Designed to shield the skin from high-energy visible light (HEV)
  • Panthenyl Triacetate, Ethyl Linoleate, Tocopherol: Provides DNA protection

Oclipse® Sunscreen Primer SPF 30

  • Provides daily multi-defence protection from UVA, UVB and high-energy visible (HEV) light
  • Exclusive 12-hour time release vitamin antioxidant system guards against photo-damage
  • DNA protection and repair
  • Helps minimise inflammation
  • Restores hydration and enhances skin barrier
  • Provides additional support to restore lipids and enhances skin barrier function
  • Helps to smooth the skin and diminish the appearance of fine lines

oclipse-sunscreen-primer-spf30Key Ingredients

  • Titanium Dioxide (8.2%): Broad spectrum sunscreen (UVA/UVB) protection
  • Fractionated Melanin: Designed to shield the skin from high-energy visible light (HEV)
  • Helianthus Annus Seed Oil, Ethyl Ferulate, Rosmarinus Officinalis Lef Extract, Disodium Urine Phosphate: Helps provide DNA protection